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Prince William's Oily Mess: A Tale of Recovery


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Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council. Date unknown. “Oil Spill Facts”. Accessed July 30, 2004 at:

Fukuyama, A.K., G. Shigenaka, and G.R. VanBlaricom. 1998. Oil Spill Impacts and the Biological Basis for Response Guidance: An Applied Synthesis of Research on Three Subarctic Intertidal Communities. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 125 (available online at:

Mearns, A.J. 1996. Exxon Valdez Shoreline Treatment and Operations: Implications for Response, Assessment, Monitoring and Research. Pages 309-328 In S.D. Rice, R.B. Spies, D.A. Wolfe and B.A. Wright (editors). Proceedings of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium. American Fisheries Society Symposium 18. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD. 931 pp.

Peterson, C.H., S.D. Rice, J.W. Short, D. Esler, J.L Bodkin, B.E. Ballachey, and D.B. Irons. 2003. Long-term ecosystem response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Science 302: 2082-2086 (available online at:

Shigenaka, G. (editor). 1997. Integrating Physical and Biological Studies of Recovery from the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Case Studies of Four Sites in Prince William Sound. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 114 (available online at:

Short, J., S. Rice, and M. Lindeberg. July-September 2001. The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: How Much Remains? Alaskan Fisheries Science Center Quarterly Report. Accessed August 13, 2004 at:

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. 1998. Understanding Oil Spills and Oil Spill Response. EPA Publication 540-K-99-007 (available online at:


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